Knee pain can be pin pointed to a specific area of the knee or can be diffuses throughout the knee. The knee is a weight-bearing, hinge joint and is supported by ligaments on each side which cross over the knee cap. Its design is less stable than a ball-and-socket joint, which makes it more prone to injury. Some of the symptoms of knee injury can include, swelling, stiffness, and pain.
The knee is the largest joint in the body. The bones of the knee are partitions by two menisci discs.Movements at the knee joint are essential to most everyday activities such as walking, running, sitting and standing. Treatment for knee problems can include first aid measures, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery.
The knee is a very complex joint in the body. Tendons connect the knee bones to the leg muscles. Ligaments connect the knee bones and they provide stability to the knee.
Ligaments in the knee:
- Anterior cruciate ligament
- Posterior cruciate ligament
- Medial collateral ligaments
- Lateral collateral ligaments
Some of the most common causes of knee pain are, Chondromalacia patella which is an irritation to cartilage. Knee osteoarthritis, which is a common form of arthritis. Knee effusion, which is a condition where fluid builds up in the knee. Meniscal tear, which is caused by damage to the meniscus. ACL or anterior cruciate ligament tear which leads to the knee giving out and often requires surgery to fix.