Foot & Ankle Pain
The hyperextension of the ankle can lead to sprains and tears. Hyperextension is when the foot comes into contact with a surface at an angle that the tendons cannot support. Pain in the ankle can also be due to conditions unrelated to trauma such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis and tendinitis, just to name a few.
A sprained ankle is definitely a problem that deserves medical attention. A physician can evaluate and recommend a course of treatment. The best way to get rid of pain once and for all is to get treatment for it as soon as possible. The ankle is made up of 3 joints, the proper or talocrural joint, the subtalar joint, and the inferior tibiofibular joint.
Proper or Talocrural Joint
The ankle joint allows up-and-down movement of the foot. The talocrural joint is a synovial hinge joint that connects the ends of the tibia and fibula with the end of the talus.
The Subtalar Joint
The subtalar joint allows inversion and eversion of the foot. The subtalar joint is susceptible to arthritis, especially when it has previously been sprained. Symptoms of subtalar joint arthritis includes pain when walking and loss of range of motion. Physical therapy is one of the main treatment options.
The Inferior and Superior Tibiofibular Joint
The inferior tibiofibular joint is fibrous joint. It is formed by the rough, surface of the medial side of the end of the fibula, and a surface on the side of the tibia.The bones of the leg, tibia and fibula, are articulated with each other at two places. One of them is the inferior and the other is superior.The joint receives its nerve supply from deep peroneal and tibial nerves. The superior tibiofibular joint does not contain any capsule, But the inferior tibiofibular joint does.
Conditions Associated with Foot & Ankle Pain
- Carpel Tunnel Syndrome
- Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
- Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
- Teninitis and Bursitis